Volume 15, number 4
 PDF Downloads: 2

Phytotoxic Effects of Leaf Leachates of Invasive Weeds Cosmos Sulphureus and Xanthium Strumarium on Agricultural Crops

Nivedita Ghayal1, Megha Biwareand Pallavi Gharpure3

1Department of Botany, Abasaheb Garware College, Pune-04, MS., India.

2Department of Chemistry, Abasaheb Garware College, Pune-04, MS., India.

3Department of Biodiversity, Abasaheb Garware College, Pune-04, MS., India.

Corresponding Author E-mail: gnivedita_ghayal@rediffmail.com

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.13005/bbra/2691

ABSTRACT: Many invasive weeds are known to create their deleterious effects on biological ecosystems and also rhizosphere soils. Weeds such as Cosmos and Xanthium have their existence near agricultural crops fields. Such weeds grow in abundance, releasing specific allelochemicals which have adverse effect on germination rate, physiological patterns and reproduction of crop plants. In present work, allelopathic effects of leaf leachates of Cosmos and Xanthium were observed on seed germination and seedling growth of Triticum aestivum, Vigna radiata and Trigonella foenum-graceum like crops. Seed germination was inhibited at higher concentration at 6% while lower concentrations showed stimulatory effect on Mungbean and Fenugreek from 1%-4% concentrations. But seed germination percentage of Vigna and Trigonella showed 70% and 60% growth in response to leaf leachates of Cosmos at 6% concentration. Triticum showed total inhibition of 40% to both leaf leachates. The qualitative phytochemical analyses showed presence of alkaloids, phytosterols, phenols, tannins and flavonoids. GCMS and IR studies revealed presence of major constituents such as esters, ethers, anhydride and polyalcohols. Cosmos and Xanthium showed the characteristic FTIR fingerprinting regions of various functional groups such as –OH, carbonyl, anhydride, ester and amides. The variations in phytochemicals of these invasive might be attributed to response of the plants to different environmental stresses.

KEYWORDS: Allelopathy; Asteraceae; GC-MS; IR Spectroscopy; Phytochemicals

Download this article as: 
Copy the following to cite this article:

Ghayal N, Biware M, Gharpure P. Phytotoxic Effects of Leaf Leachates of Invasive Weeds Cosmos Sulphureus and Xanthium Strumarium on Agricultural Crops. Biosci Biotech Res Asia 2018;15(4).

Copy the following to cite this URL:

Ghayal N, Biware M, Gharpure P. Phytotoxic Effects of Leaf Leachates of Invasive Weeds Cosmos Sulphureus and Xanthium Strumarium on Agricultural Crops. Biosci Biotech Res Asia 2018;15(4). Available from: http://www.biotech-asia.org/?p=32140

[ HTML Full Text]

Back to TOC