Volume 12, number 2
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Azadirachta Indica as a Source For Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Polyphenolic Compounds

Ammar Bader1, Mohamed I. S. Abdelhady1,3*, Usama Shaheen1,4, Yasser El-Malah2,5, M.A.S Abourehab2,6, Mohamed F. Barghash7

1Departments of 1Pharmacognosy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia. 2Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia. 3Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Cairo 11795, Egypt 4Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt 5Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt 6Pharmaceutics Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia Universuty, Egypt. 7Biochemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Division, NRC, Cairo, Egypt

ABSTRACT: Cancer is a life threatening malignant tumor, caused by many factors including the oxidative stress. Medicinal plants containing phenolic compounds represent an important source of antioxidant and anticancer drugs. Azadirachta indica Family: Meliaceae contains variety of bioactive components of numerous biological and pharmacological properties. This study explored the constitutive polyphenols of Azadirachta indica (A. indica) growing in KSA and evaluated its antioxidant and cytotoxic activity. Chemical structures of the isolated compounds from the leaves of A. indica were established by spectral techniques (UV, MS, 1H, and 13C NMR, and two dimentional NMR). The colourimetric assay (SRB) used to evaluate the cytotoxicity against HCT116, MCF7 and Hep-G2 cell lines. Chromatographic separation of 80% Ethanol extract of the leaves of A. indica have resulted in seven polyphenolic compounds three of them isolated for the first time from this species (2,3-(S)-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-(α/β)-D-glucopyranose, Avicularin and Castalagin) and four known previously isolated compounds (Gallic acid, Ellagic acid, Quercetin and Quercetin-3-O-glucoside). The 80% Ethanol extract exhibited higher antioxidant activity than the ethyl acetate and butanol extracts, which is correlated with its phenolic content. The ethanolic extract, compounds 4 and 6 exhibited cytotoxic activity against HCT116, MCF7 and Hep-G2. These findings revealed that the leaves of A. indica contains a considerable amount of polyphenolic compounds with significant antioxidant and cytotoxic activity, consequently it could be considered as a great potential source for natural health products.  

KEYWORDS: Neem; polyphenolic compounds; cytotoxic; antioxidant activities

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Bader A, Abdelhady M. I. S, Shaheen U, El-Malah Y, Abourehab M. A. S, Barghash M. F. Azadirachta Indica as a Source for Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Polyphenolic Compounds. Biosci Biotech Res Asia 2015;12(2)

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